ponctuation in english improve your english

ponctuation in english improve your english
Punctuation Mark
Use to...
( . ) Period
End a sentence: Dinner was delicious.
( ? ) Question Mark
End a sentence and denote inquiry: What time is it?
( ! ) Exclamation Point
End a sentence and denote excitement or emphasis: Watch out for that tree!
( , ) Comma
Denote a break within a sentence or direct address of a person or group: Mary, listen to me.

Separate any of the following:
- Two or more adjectives: He is a charming, attentive listener.
- Items in a list: Please buy eggs, milk, butter and flour.
- The name of a city from the name of a state: I live in Salt Lake City, Utah.
- Two independent clauses: The waiter still hasn’t taken our order, and the play starts in five minutes.
- Direct quotations: Quoth the raven, “Nevermore.”
( ; ) Semicolon     
Separate two related but independent clauses: I asked Anne to look at my computer; she has a knack for them.

Separate a series of items that already contain commas:
- For our wedding colors, I chose white, the color of innocence; red, the color of passion; and yellow, the color of lemons.
- I have lived in Detroit, Michigan; Paris, France; and Sydney, Australia.

( : ) Colon
Introduce a list.
For Christmas, I would like the following presents: a hula hoop, a hippopotamus, and my two front teeth.

Introduce a statement that expands upon the clause before the colon.
And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you—ask what you can do for your country.
( - ) Hyphen
Add a prefix: Trans-Atlantic flights are costly.

Create compound words: Spider-Man is my favorite superhero.

Write numbers as words: I have lived in this house for thirty-three years.
(– or —) Dash
Make a brief interruption within a sentence or a parenthetical phrase: Johnny asked me—with a straight face, I might add—if he could borrow the car for the weekend.
( “ ) Double Quotation
Enclose a direct quotation: “If you pick up a starving dog and make him prosperous, he will not bite you. This is the principal difference between a dog and a man.”
( ‘ ) Single Quotation
Denote possession: I believe that is Allen’s pen.

Denote contraction: I know it’s his because of the distinct monogram.

Denote a quotation within a quotation: He told me just last week, “I do enjoy this monogrammed pen. My wife said, ‘Allen, it isn’t like people go around mistaking your pens for theirs all day.’”
( ( ) ) Parentheses
Indicate clarification: Please bring home some real butter (as opposed to margarine).

Indicate an afterthought or personal commentary: Anyone can edit Wikipedia (not that there’s anything wrong with that).

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